Thứ Ba, 10 tháng 11, 2009

Endings

Endings

When to Drop a Final e
It's hard to remember when to drop letters and when to keep them. This lesson will nail down some simple rules to help you with those decisions.

Rule1

Drop the final e when you add an ending that begins with a vowel
  • With -ing: change + -ing = changing
  • With -able: argue + -able = arguable
  • With -ous: virtue + -ous = virtuous (có đạo đức, tiết hạnh)
  • With -ity: opportune + -ity = opportunity
The Exceptions
  • Keep the final e after soft c or g in order to keep the soft sound.
peace + -able = peaceable
courage + -ous = courageous
  • Keep the final e in other cases when you need to protect pronunciation.
shoe + -ing = shoeing (not shoing)
guarantee + -ing = guaranteeing (not guaranteing)

Rule 2

Keep the final e before endings that beging with consonants. Here are some examples of words that use this rule:
  • With -ment: advertise + -ment = advertisement
  • With -ness: appropriate + -ness = appropriateness
  • With -less: care + -less = careless
  • With -ful: grace + -ful = graceful
The Exception
There's one important exception to the rule about keeping the final e when you add an ending that begins with a consonant:
  • Drop the final e when it occurs after the letters u or w: argue + -ment = argument; awe + -ful = awful; true + -ly = truly;

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